Home Adoption


The Facts on Baby Adoption

The Facts on Baby Adoption

Many parents will seek to adopt a baby, choosing to raise the child from a very young age.  There will be no shortage of baby adoptions available, especially when mothers have opted against abortion and carried the baby to term.  There are some adoption agencies that specialize in baby adoption owing to different rules and laws regarding adopting babies and infants.  The entire process will take up to two years depending on the wishes of the parents, babies available and time it takes for the parents to provide adequate arrangements for a child.  

What are the typical steps in baby adoption?

Like all other adoptions, after the prospective parents have applied for an adoption, a home study will be conducted by a social worker to ensure that the family is qualified by an adoption.  The choice of which family the child will be place with is sometimes at the discretion of the birthmother and the prospective adopting parents may have to meet with the birthmother for evaluation.

What are laws regarding baby adoption?

After an era where many unwed birthmothers were forced to give their children up for adoption, legal safeguards now exist to protect the rights of the birthmother against coercive adoption as well as provide legal protection for mothers that put their child up for adoption.  

The Safe Haven law protects the rights of the mother to give up a newborn child for adoption.  Under this arrangement, the mother will bring the baby, no more than five days old, to a hospital, fire or police station and leave the infant in the care of an individual there.  That individual will arrange for the child to be placed in safe hands.  Safe haven laws will vary by state and you will need to ensure that this law is followed or the birthmother will face criminal charges.  Some states will check with the father of the child, if available, to ascertain if custody can indeed be relinquished.

State laws will also define the consent to adoption, which protects both the rights of the birthmother and the father if paternity is established.  The right to consent can be terminated though if either parent abandons the child or commits a number of offenses that would find them unfit to be parents.  There are also limitations on when the mother can consent to the adoption with some states allowing it some hours after the birth and some even allowing the consent to adopt before the baby is born.  Consent can be revoked if the court finds the mother was forced to give up the child through coercion or that the consent was withdrawn within a legally defined amount of time, generally a few days after consent is given,

What will it cost for a baby adoption?

Tax credits for the adoption of a child may be more than enough to cover the adoption service fees.  You will need to speak with the adoption service to determine your fee arrangements and what you will pay for the services, including services such as home studies.


The Process of a Haiti Adoption

The Process of a Haiti Adoption

Due to the recent humanitarian crisis, there are a number of Haitian children that are available for adoption.  It is important to follow Haitian adoption laws properly to avoid problems with both Haitian and American law enforcement and protect your custody claim with the adopted child.  The entire process for Haiti adoption, done properly and according to law, will take up to 24 months but will ensure your Haiti adoption is legal and protects the welfare of the child.

Initial stage
Thankfully, adoption is not as simple as picking a child as one would pick a puppy for adoption.  The first step in the process is to file an application for adoption with the appropriate agency or organizations.  There exist a few reliable adoption services that will work with both governments on your behalf.  This application will be ask you for basic information and may ask about your intentions in adopting a child.

Second Stage
The adoption service will then proceed to do a home study to ensure that your home is a proper place for a child to live.  The adoption agency will typically provide this service and report the results of the home study to Haitian authorities, ensuring that you are a proper parent.  The adoption service will have social workers that will evaluate your home so that the adoption agency feels secure in recommending you as an adoptive parent to the Haitian government.
You will at this phase, need to complete a dossier that represents your application to the Haitian government.  As such, the documents must include a French translation and a reliable adoption service will be able to assist you with this.  A typical dossier will include testimony from the prospective adoptive parents on why they want a Haiti adoption.  This stage will take about four months to complete.

Third Stage
The Haitian Adoption Authority, once they are convinced you are a fit parent will begin the process of identifying a child whose needs match your ability.  This authority, in conjunction with other Haitian government agencies, may take as long as 18 months to certify the adoption.  This part of the adoption process is especially difficult for families as the waiting period is unpredictable and tends to be long.
After the adoption is certified, the adoptive parents will travel to Haiti and bring the child to the United States.  There will be two trips to Haiti.  One trip will be to file the necessary paperwork with the Haitian courts and to visit the child to be adopted.  The second trip will be to bring the child home.

aPlease note that if you were in the process of an adoption prior to the Jan 2010 earthquake, there exist waivers to quickly process these orphans and bring them to the United States.  In the unlikely event that your Haiti adoption has still not processed, you should contact the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services immediately.

Artificial Insemination

Artificial Insemination

What is Artificial Insemination?
Artificial insemination is the process by which sperm is placed into the reproductive tract of a female for the sole purpose of procreation. Because of this anticipated result, artificial insemination is a medical substitute to sexual intercourse or natural insemination. As an assisted reproductive technology, artificial insemination will use the sperm from the female’s male partner or sperm from a donor in situations where the male is unable to produce sperm or the woman is single or a lesbian.  In addition to human reproduction, artificial insemination is commonly used for livestock breeding, especially for pigs and dairy cattle. 
Artificial Insemination: Preparation
Artificial insemination commences when freshly ejaculated or frozen and thawed sperm is placed in the cervix via an intra-cervical insemination. In human beings, the procedure was originally developed as a means of aiding couples with conception where the male’s problems of producing sperm otherwise inhibited procreation. 
As mentioned above, the sperm sample is either be provided by the male partner or by a sperm donor if the partner is not able to produce effective sperm or if the woman is not actively involved in a relationship. If taken from a donor, the sperm must be frozen and subsequently quarantined for a specific period. The sperm—as well as the male donor–will then be tested to ensure that the individual does not carry any transmissible diseases. All sperm donated in this fashion is produced through masturbation at a licensed sperm bank.
If the sperm is provided by a private donor, either through a sperm agency or directly, it will typically be supplied fresh and not go through the quarantine process. Private donor sperm is primarily produced via masturbation; however, some donors will use a collection condom to obtain the sperm during sexual intercourse with their own partners. 
Regardless of route, the male providing the sperm is typically advised not to ejaculate for 48-72 hours before offering the sample—this constraint is required to increase the individual’s sperm count. Furthermore, the woman’s menstrual cycle must be closely monitored by tracking her body temperature and alterations in vaginal mucus. 
When using an intrauterine insemination, the sperm must be washed, concentrated and warmed. “Washing” the sperm will increase the chances of fertilization and remove attached mucus and non-motile sperm in the semen.  
Artificial Insemination: Procedure
When the ovum is released, semen provided by the donor is artificially inseminated into the female’s vagina or uterus. In the case of vaginal artificial insemination, the semen is placed in the vagina via a needle-less syringe. The more effective artificial insemination procedure will insert the semen direct into the female’s uterus. This form of artificial insemination will only utilize ‘washed’ semen and will use a catheter as the vehicle for insertion. 
If the artificial insemination procedure is successful, the female will conceive. The baby, in this situation, is regarded as the woman’s biological child and the biological offspring of the male whose sperm was used during the artificial insemination process. Pregnancy resulting from artificial insemination is no different from pregnancy achieved following sexual intercourse. 

New York Adoption

New York Adoption

Guide to New York Adoption
The New York adoption process is relatively straightforward, but it can still be a difficult and time-consuming process for many families.  If you are considering starting the NY adoption process, you may have questions about your eligibility and the various steps in the process.  This guide can help you understand the basics of New York adoption laws, and will even give you some details on what costs you can expect from an adoption in the state of New York.
If you are adopting from an agency or a private individual, these people may set their own adoption requirements.  However, if you are adopting from state foster care, the state of New York sets its own adoption requirements.  The vast majority of family types are eligible for NY adoption.  You can be older or younger, married or unmarried, have a single parent or two parents to adopt, and you can rent or own a home.  Gay and lesbian couples are eligible for New York adoption as well as straight couples.  
Adoption Process
The NY adoption process begins when you choose an agency to certify you as a potential adoptive family.  An agency will come in to certify you based on the results of a home study, a mandatory part of the New York adoption process.  The home study for NY adoption will include giving a complete medical history and meeting with agency workers in your home.  You will be interviewed by agency staff about your childhood and your parenting philosophy, as well as about your home environment.  You will also have to provide references at this stage of the New York adoption process.  These references should know you well enough to know whether you would make a good parent.
If you are starting a NY adoption from the state foster care system, there are several different types of adoption subsidies available for potential adoptive parents.  Any New York adoption of a child who is handicapped or otherwise hard-to-adopt will be subsidized significantly by the state.  When a parent adopts one of these children, they will be given NY adoption subsidy payments every month until the child reaches the age of 21 or until the parent is no longer legally responsible for the child, whichever comes first.
For less difficult to adopt children, adoption subsidies may not be available, but New York adoption may be easier with current federal tax breaks for adoptive parents.  You can get a tax credit that covers most or all of the cost of public or private adoption from a licensed agency.  NY adoption laws do not allow the state itself to work on international adoptions.  If you are interested in learning more about the costs or process for an international adoption, you may want to look into licensed New York adoption agencies that adopt internationally.  Each of these agencies will have its own NY adoption requirements and regulations for adoptive parents.

Florida Adoption

Florida Adoption

Guide to Florida Adoption

If you are considering adopting a child in Florida, it's important to know about Florida adoption laws.  In many situations, it may be quite inexpensive to adopt in Florida, especially if you adopt from the state's foster care system.  This guide will help you understand how a FL adoption works and who is eligible to adopt from the state's foster care system.

The Adoption Process

Typically, the Florida adoption process takes about 8 months from beginning to end if you are adopting from the foster care system.  Adoption agencies may have their own rules and expected times, so if you are adopting through an agency, it may be best to ask them for their specific process.  Adopting from the state begins when you complete a parenting course.  You will usually have to attend this FL adoption course once a week for ten weeks.

After you complete the Florida adoption course, you will have a home study performed by case workers.  The home study will include not only a look through your house, but also an extensive interview with you and your spouse.  You'll be asked questions about your childhood, your parenting philosophy, and what you expect from the FL adoption process.  You'll also have to give names and contact information for references who can talk about your suitability for parenting.

Florida Adoption Eligibility

Eligibility for FL adoption primarily depends on whether you will be able to provide a stable environment for a child.  You may be able to adopt in the state whether you are married or single.  You will not be ruled out due to living in an apartment, having a particular religion, or already having children.  People of all races, backgrounds, and educational backgrounds are welcome to begin the Florida adoption process.  As of 2010, gay men and lesbians are also allowed to adopt according to Florida law on adoption.

People may worry that their incomes would make them ineligible for Florida adoption.  However, people who have modest incomes are often able to make successful adoptive parents.  The best way to find out if you would be eligible is to begin the process.

FL Adoption Requirements and Costs

If you are adopting from the state, you may not have to pay very much money at all to complete the adoption process.  The home study and parenting course mandated by Florida adoption law will not cost anything for prospective parents.  By the time you finish the adoption process, you will typically only have spent around $500, and this can often be reimbursed by the state.

If you are adopting from an agency, either domestically or internationally, you may be able to get an adoption tax credit that will allow you to pay most or all of your adoption related expenses with a tax refund.  Talking to a FL adoption lawyer can help you to better understand the tax implications of adoption and how you may be able to use tax credits to make adoption easier.


Pennsylvania Adoption

Pennsylvania Adoption

Guide o Pennsylvania Adoption

Parents who are considering PA adoption may be curious about the steps in the process and whether they may be eligible to adopt a child.  Pennsylvania adoption from the foster care system is relatively easy and inexpensive.  You may be able to adopt a child in the state of Pennsylvania for only a few hundred dollars in total costs if you decide to adopt a waiting child.  This guide will explain the steps in the PA adoption process so that you can fully understand your options.

Who Can Adopt?

Pennsylvania law on adoption is very liberal regarding who is allowed to adopt a child.  You may complete the PA adoption process whether or not you already have children, and whether you own or rent your home.  Straight couples, gay couples, and single parents may all complete the Pennsylvania adoption process, and parents of all races are encouraged to apply.  You will need to show that you have enough money to afford the costs of a child in order to begin a PA adoption, and that you have not committed any crimes against children.

Applying for Pennsylvania Adoption

The first step toward a PA adoption from the foster care system is applying through a state-approved agency.  All agencies are different, and you may want to talk to several agencies to get one that is the right fit for your Pennsylvania adoption.  When you initially apply for a PA adoption, you will be required to fill out application paperwork giving details about you, your family, your home, and your lifestyle.

Home Study/Family Profile

As the Pennsylvania adoption process continues, a family profile (also known as a home study) will be built by the person working on your adoption case.  This PA adoption worker will visit your home and interview you and the other members of your household.

You will have to answer questions about why you are interested in a Pennsylvania adoption, how your own childhood was, how you plan to discipline your adopted child, and whether you are ready for some of the common issues associated with adoption.  Once your family profile has been built by an agency, your home will be approved for a PA adoption and you can begin the matching process.


The matching process for a Pennsylvania adoption may take a very short or a very long time.  You will be matched with a child available for adoption in Pennsylvania based on your answers to questions asked by the adoption worker and your family's ability to care for a child.  When a potential match is found, you and your family will be able to meet the child and spend time with him or her in order to learn whether the match is good.


After several pre-placement visits between you and the child, your PA adoption will be one step closer to complete when your child moves into your home.  Post-placement services will monitor the Pennsylvania adoption placement for six months before allowing the adoption to become final.  The last step of the Pennsylvania process will involve you going to court to finalize the adoption in front of a family court judge.

Texas Adoption

Texas Adoption

A Quick Guide to Texas Adoption

Texas Adoption Laws

All Texas adoptions regard procedures and laws under Chapter 162 of the Texas Family Code.  This Chapter addresses adoption, and several laws are discussed throughout this article.  You can also find information about the adoption process in this article as well.  If you need legal advice and assistance, contact Texas lawyers.

Texas Adoption Requirements and Eligibility Factors

In the state of Texas, adoptions can occur as long as a person is over the age of 18 shows evidence of being able to provide for the child and meet their best interests.  

However, certain people cannot adopt in the state of Texas.  A Texas adoption cannot occur if the potential parent has a criminal record (in most cases), has shown any evidence of abuse or violence in the past, does not meet eligibility requirements according to a home study from a social worker, does not show evidence of being financially stable, or other reasons.  

The Texas Adoption Process

Fortunately, Texas adoptions usually begin with two parents (regardless of sex and race) who are good standing citizens and ready for a child.  The child must meet a number of eligibility factors under Sections 162.001, 162.501, and 162.504.  The eligibility factors of the child are paraphrased below: 

• the rights of the parents have been terminated

• a parent whose rights have not been terminated is the spouse of the petitioner and the proceeding is for stepparent Texas adoption

• the child is at least two years old; the parent-child relationship has been terminated for one parent; the person applying for adoption rights has been managing conservator or has had actual physical possession or control of the child for at least 6 months; or the person is the former stepparent and the non-terminated parent agrees to the adoption

• an adult may adopt another adult with adopted person’s consent 

After a child has been placed for adoption by the natural parent, adoptive parent, legal guardian, a license child-placing agency, or the Department of Protective and Regulatory Services, Texas adoptions will go through a number of steps.  These steps for Texas adoptions are listed below: 

1. The prospective legal parent will file a petition to the court 

2. a health, social, education, and genetic history report will be formulated the person petitioning,  a child-placing agency, or any other social service

3. the person filing the petition for the Texas adoption will have to pass a criminal history report which deeply investigates any prospective parent’s past criminal history 

4. Once the petition requesting termination has been filed along with the petition requesting adoption, the court will make a decision if the action is in the best interest of the child and then allow the Texas adoption

5. If the withdrawal of or denial of the petition has occurred, the court may remove the child from the adoptive home if the removal is in the child’s best interest

Texas adoptions will require more steps if the parent(s) is requesting a foreign adoption.  Petitioners are always encouraged to contact an adoption attorney before beginning the adoption process.  


Alabama Adoption

Alabama Adoption

A brief guide to Alabama adoption
Any single person or couple who wishes to adopt a minor child in the state of Alabama must be aware of all the laws related. Alabama adoptions come in four different forms:
• Private adoptions concern a private agreement between a birth parent and an adopting parent or couple. This type of Alabama adoption is best supervised by a lawyer who is experienced in the documentation. Once a document relinquishing the custody of a child is signed, the person who signs it has 14 days to revoke it. After this time, Alabama adoptions of this type almost certainly cannot be undone.
It should be noted that parents who relinquish the right to their children must make a decision as to whether or not this minor child can learn more about them as an adult. When giving up a child for Alabama adoption, you may decide to make all information about you available on request, such as your name and address. Alternately, you may choose to only have medical history and similar, non-identifying information available.
• In agency adoptions, parents give custody of a child to an agency that works with the state to find a new home. When performing this type of Alabama adoption, an agency will generally have a lawyer on hand to supervise all aspects of the procedure.
• Public adoptions involve transferring a child who has become a ward of the state after being taken away from unfit or abusive parents. These types of Alabama adoptions are supervised by child protective services.
• Intercountry adoptions involve a child from another country. An Alabama adoption of this type requires the person performing it to comply with both American and international law.
Regardless of the type of adoption you are seeking to perform, a long "home study" process will be involved. Many measures will be taken to ensure that you are psychologically fit to go through with Alabama adoptions. This process may take anywhere from three to six months and will include extensive interviews and examinations of your home life.
There are not many expenses that you will be directly responsible for during this part of the Alabama adoptions home study examination. You may be responsible for the cost of conducting a criminal background check and providing your medical records. Otherwise, most expense will be covered by the Alabama Department of Human Resources.
In order to complete this process before you are allowed to go through with an Alabama adoption, you may be required to provide information related to:
• Your income
• Your upbringing
• Your views on parenting
• Your expectations for the Alabama adoption process
Along with the adoption of physically and mentally healthy children, there are special provisions concerning Alabama adoptions of children with disabilities. Such minor children may qualify for Medicaid coverage. However, these kinds of "special needs" children also include:
• Children over the age of eight
• African-American children age two or older
• In cases where multiple siblings are involved, groups of three or more children

Kentucky Adoption

Kentucky Adoption

Guide to Kentucky Adoption
If you are considering adopting a child in Kentucky, you may want to know more about the KY adoption process.  Generally speaking, Kentucky adoption through the state's foster care system can be quite inexpensive and may take as little as a few months.  This guide will explain the steps you will need to take in order to complete a KY adoption, from beginning to end.  If you want to adopt through a domestic or international adoption agency rather than through the state foster care system, you may want to contact the agency for their Kentucky adoption procedure.
The Kentucky Adoption Process: Inquiry and Application
The first step potential adoptive parents must take is applying for their KY adoption.  If you are considering a Kentucky adoption, the application must be filled out completely and returned to your local Protection and Permanency Office, which is the office in your area responsible for handling KY adoption.  This office will then tell you about the next steps in your Kentucky adoption process, including when the next mandatory information meeting about adoption will be held.
The Kentucky Adoption Process: Orientation and Preparation
When you attend the mandatory informational session, you will learn more about your Department for Community Based Services, which helps place children with adoptive families.  You'll also learn about children waiting for a KY adoption and how the foster care system in Kentucky works to connect children to an appropriate home.
Over the next ten weeks, you'll attend ten meetings that cover topics relating to Kentucky adoption, including the special needs of foster and adoptive children as well as adapting your own parenting philosophy to accommodate an adoptive child's needs.  You can use these meetings to help decide whether to continue pursuing a KY adoption through the foster care system.
The Kentucky Adoption Process: Home Study/Family Profile
While you are completing all ten of your preparation meetings (a total of 30 hours of training), you'll be required to complete a home study.  This will involve an adoption case worker visiting your home and interviewing you as well as all other members of your household.  A profile will be built of you and your family, including complete background checks and a medical history.
You will have to respond to many personal questions during the home study.  You will be asked about your parenting philosophy, your own childhood and relationship to your parents, and about how you might handle situations that could arise with an adopted child.  This is to ensure that the KY adoption process matches families to children who will be suitable for them.
The Kentucky Adoption Process: Matching and Placement
After you have completed the home study (which is paid by the state when you complete a KY adoption through the foster care system), you will begin the matching process.  You will meet with the child you are interested in adopting and, if the visits are successful, the child will be placed in your home.  At this point, you can go to family court to finalize your Kentucky adoption.

Oregon Adoption

Oregon Adoption

Guide to Oregon Adoption
If you are planning to adopt through the state of Oregon's foster system, you may be able to complete your OR adoption inexpensively and relatively quickly.  Many children are currently waiting in the foster system for an adoptive home, and the state offers Oregon adoption subsidies for parents who adopt waiting children.  This guide will give you a basic overview of the process of OR adoption from the foster care system.  If you need more information about how to adopt, you may want to consult with an Oregon adoption attorney.
Who May Adopt?
Just about anyone who can give a child a safe home is eligible for OR adoption.  Both single and married parents, gay and straight, are allowed to adopt a child in the state.  Homeowners and renters can complete the Oregon adoption process, and older families as well as younger ones are welcome to adopt.
The major factor that would preclude a person from being eligible for an OR adoption would be a criminal conviction for a violent offense or an offense against children.  People who have been convicted of these offenses are not allowed to complete the Oregon adoption process.
The Oregon Adoption Process: Training and Application
When you initiate the adoption process, you will fill out an application and will be able to ask questions from your local branch of the Department of Children, Adults, and Families.  You may, in many counties, be required to attend OR adoption training classes.  These classes can get you ready for some of the challenges associated with adoption, whether you are interested in adopting an infant or an older child or teenager.
The Oregon Adoption Process: Home Study
When you apply for an OR adoption from the foster care system, you must have a home study prepared.  Your home study is the portion of the Oregon adoption process where a case worker interviews you and your family, inspects your home, and completes a background check.  When the case worker for your OR adoption visits your home, they will check for safety hazards and potential issues, and can give you a chance to fix any problems that might preclude your adoption.
You may be surprised at how detailed and personal the questions are for your Oregon adoption home study.  You will be asked questions about your reasons for pursuing an OR adoption, and about your childhood.  You will also have to talk about your parenting style and philosophy, and what you might do in circumstances common to adoptive parents.  Your Oregon adoption home study will be subsidized by the state if you adopt through the foster care system.
The Oregon Adoption Process: Matching and Placement
After your home study has been completed, your OR adoption case worker will begin the work of matching your family to a waiting child.  You will be able to visit with the child before the adoptive placement is completed.  You may be eligible for post-placement assistance with your Oregon adoption in some circumstances.  Finalization of an OR adoption can only take place when a family court judge officially approves the adoption, but this is typically a formality and can be relatively fast.